和平时期的十大海上灾难_神奇世界 (中英双语阅读)

日期:2018-11-13 15:11:58 作者:adm1n 浏览: 查看评论 加入收藏

History has witnessed some of the cruel maritime disasters which have resulted in the seas devouring lives of thousands and thousands of lives. Let's take a look into 10 of the biggest peacetime maritime disasters.

历史见证了一些残酷的海上灾难,导致海洋吞噬了成千上万人的生命。让我们来看看10个和平时期最大的海上灾难。

The 10 Biggest Maritime Disasters:

十大海上灾难:

10. Al Salam Boccaccio 98

萨拉姆98

 Biggest Maritime Disasters
On 3rd February, Al Salam Boccaccio 98, an Egyptian passenger ferry was sank in the Red Sea en route from Dubai, Saudi Arabia, to Safaga in southern Egypt. This is one of the biggest maritime disasters of the 21st century. It saw the death of 1020 out of its 1400 passengers, including pilgrims returning from the Hajj in Mecca. The reason behind its sinking is thought to be a fire that started in the ship's engine room. >> 10 Major Disasters of The World.

  2月3日,Al Salam Boccaccio 98,一艘埃及客轮在从沙特阿拉伯的迪拜到埃及南部的萨法加的途中沉没。这是21世纪最大的海上灾难之一。在1400名乘客中,有1020人死亡,包括麦加朝圣归来的朝圣者。它沉没的原因被认为是一场火灾,从飞船的引擎室开始。>>全球十大灾难。

9. HMS Victory

HMS的胜利

Biggest Maritime Disasters
HMS Victory, which was wrecked in the English Channel in 1744. Artwork by John Batchelor.

On the night of 4th October, 1744, HMS Victory, a first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, was caught in a storm in the English Channel when it was returning to England. It ultimately resulted in the ship sinking with the death of everyone aboard, which was 1150 sailors.

1744年10月4日晚,英国皇家海军的一艘一流船HMS胜利号在返回英国的途中遇上了英吉利海峡的风暴。最终导致这艘船沉没,船上共有1150名船员死亡。

8. Toya Maru

托雅丸

Biggest Maritime Disasters
Japanese passenger ferry Toa Maru was caught between a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait between the Japanese islands of Hokkaidō and Honshūon on September 26, 1954, which ultimately resulted in its sinking. Due to many people getting on the hip at the last minute and many cancelling their journey, the exact number of deaths is still unknown. However, it is thought that an estimated 1153 people died from the accident.

1954年9月26日,日本客轮在日本北川县与日本的岛屿之间的Tsugaru海峡的台风中被夹住,最终导致日本沉没。由于许多人在最后一分钟上车,许多人取消了他们的行程,确切的死亡人数还不得而知。然而,据估计有1153人死于这次事故。

7. Salem Express

萨勒姆表达

Biggest Maritime Disasters
Passenger ship Salem Express sank after colliding with Hyndman Reef on 17th December, 1991 which resulted in the death of 1,400 people. Many of the passengers were returning were returning from pilgrimage to Mecca. The wreck of the ship, which is a now a scuba-diving site, still contains many luggage and cars.

1991年12月17日,一艘客船“塞勒姆”(Salem Express)与海德曼礁(Hyndman Reef)相撞后沉没,造成1400人死亡。许多乘客从朝圣之旅返回麦加。这艘船的残骸,现在是一个潜水地点,仍然包含许多行李和汽车。

6. RMS Titanic

泰坦尼克号

RMS Titanic - The RMS Titanic
Perhaps, the most well-known ship in the world is the British passenger liner RMS Titanic. Known as the largest ship afloat at the time it entered service and declared ‘unsinkable' by its makers, Titanic sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning of 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton, UK to New York City, USA. Many blame the less number of life-boats to be a prime reason for the high number of deaths, which was 1517. Its loss was the catalyst for major reforms in shipping safety.

也许,世界上最有名的船是英国的客轮“泰坦尼克号”。1912年4月15日凌晨,泰坦尼克号在从英国南安普敦到美国纽约的处女航中撞上冰山后沉没,这艘名为“泰坦尼克号”的轮船在进入服役时被称为“海上最大的船舶”,并宣布“永不沉没”。许多人将死亡人数减少的主要原因归咎于数量较少的救生船,这一数字是1517年。它的损失是运输安全方面重大改革的催化剂。

5. Tek Sing

Tek唱

Three-masted Chinese ocean-going junk, Tek Sing
Three-masted Chinese ocean-going junk, Tek Sing met its terrible fate on February 6, 1822, when it sank  in an area of the South China Sea known as the Belvidere Shoals. It sank when tries a shortcut through the Gaspar Strait between Belitung and Bangka Islands and grounded on a reef. It resulted in the death of 1600 people. Due to its great loss of number of lives, therefore this ship has been referred to as the “Titanic of the East”.

1822年2月6日,三桅的中国远洋垃圾船在南中国海的一处被称为“贝尔维多”的浅滩沉没。它在伯利兹和邦加群岛之间的加斯帕海峡抄近路,并搁浅在礁石上。它导致了1600人死亡。由于它大量的生命损失,因此这艘船被称为“东方的泰坦尼克”。

4. Le Joola

Le joomla

Le Joola at Ziguinchor 1991
One of the biggest maritime disasters in recent times took place on 26th September, 2002 when Senegalese government-owned ferry Le Joola capsized off the coast of the Gambia. The ship was carrying way more than the number of passengers it was supposed to carry. Its carrying capacity was 536 passengers, but at the time of the accident, it was carrying 1,927 passengers, more than thrice the number of passengers it was supposed to carry. Consequently, due to over flooding of the people, the ship saw it getting capsized, which resulted in the death of 1,863 people.

最近一次最大的海上灾难发生在2002年9月26日,当时塞内加尔政府所有的渡船Le Joola在冈比亚海岸倾覆。这艘船的载客量超过了它应该运载的乘客数量。它的载客量为536名乘客,但在事故发生时,它搭载了1,927名乘客,比原定运载的乘客数量多出了三倍。因此,由于洪水泛滥,这艘船看到它倾覆,导致了1863人死亡。

3. Mont-Blanc (Halifax Explosion)

万宝龙(哈利法克斯爆炸)

Halifax explosion
On 6th December, 1917, when cargo ship Mont-Blanc was going through Halifax Harbour in Nova Scotia, Canada, which was full cargo of highly volatile explosives, it collided with the Norwegian ship, SS Imo. The incident came to be known as Halifax Explosion. It resulted in the death of almost 2000 people. At the time of the accident, Mont-Blanc had a 40 person crew. There were around 2000 people in the nearby Halifax shore who were killed by the fire, collapsing buildings, falling debris, etc., resulting from the explosion. Over 9000 people were injured due to flying glass. It is still the largest accidental explosion of conventional weapons to date.

1917年12月6日,在加拿大新斯科舍的哈利法克斯港,货船蒙特布兰一艘满载高挥发性炸药的货船与挪威轮船相撞。这一事件被称为哈利法克斯爆炸。它导致了将近2000人的死亡。在事故发生的时候,他有40名船员。在附近的哈利法克斯海岸,大约有2000人死于火灾、倒塌的建筑物、坠落的碎片等。超过9000人因飞行玻璃受伤。它仍然是迄今为止最大的常规武器意外爆炸。

2. Kiangya

Kiangya

Sunk of SS Kiangya
Chinese passenger steamship Kiangya sank in the mouth of the Huangpu River 50 miles (80 km) south of Shanghai on 4 December 1948. It led to the death of 2,750–3,920 people. There were only 700–1,000 survivors, who were picked up by other vessels. The reason for its sinking was an explosion that took place when the ship hit a mine left behind by the Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II.

1948年12月4日,在上海以南50英里(80公里)的黄浦江口,中国客船“Kiangya”号沉没。它导致2750 - 3920人死亡。只有700 - 1000名幸存者被其他船只带走。其沉没的原因是在第二次世界大战中,当这艘船撞上日本帝国海军留下的一座矿山时发生了爆炸。

1. Doña Paz

“多纳-帕兹”号

Doña Paz collided with the oil tanker MT Vector
On 20th December, 1987, the world witnessed the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters, when Philippine-registered passenger ferry Doña Paz collided with the oil tanker MT Vector. Both the ships caught fire and ultimately sank in the shark infested waters of Tablas Strait, killing 4,386 people. Only 24 survivors were recorded in the incident. Out of the 13 man crew of MT Vector, only 2 people survived. Many claim that Doña Paz  was illegally carrying over 4000 passengers, when the ship could support only 1518 passengers. Only 21 dead bodies were recovered. Time magazine  have called the sinking of the Doña Paz “the deadliest peacetime maritime disaster of the 20th century”.

1987年12月20日,世界目睹了和平时期最严重的海上灾难,当时菲律宾注册的客运渡轮Dona Paz与油轮MT Vector相撞。这两艘船都着火了,最终沉入了Tablas海峡的鲨鱼出没的水域,造成4,386人死亡。只有24名幸存者被记录在案。在这13名机组人员中,只有2人幸存。许多人声称,当这艘船只能支持1518名乘客时,多纳·帕兹(Dona Paz)非法携带超过4000名乘客。只有21具尸体被找到。《时代》杂志称多纳·帕兹的沉没是“20世纪最严重的和平时期海上灾难”。

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