History has witnessed some of the cruel maritime disasters which have resulted in the seas devouring lives of thousands and thousands of lives. Let's take a look into 10 of the biggest peacetime maritime disasters.
The 10 Biggest Maritime Disasters:
10. Al Salam Boccaccio 98
On 3rd February, Al Salam Boccaccio 98, an Egyptian passenger ferry was sank in the Red Sea en route from Dubai, Saudi Arabia, to Safaga in southern Egypt. This is one of the biggest maritime disasters of the 21st century. It saw the death of 1020 out of its 1400 passengers, including pilgrims returning from the Hajj in Mecca. The reason behind its sinking is thought to be a fire that started in the ship's engine room. >> 10 Major Disasters of The World.
2月3日，Al Salam Boccaccio 98，一艘埃及客轮在从沙特阿拉伯的迪拜到埃及南部的萨法加的途中沉没。这是21世纪最大的海上灾难之一。在1400名乘客中，有1020人死亡，包括麦加朝圣归来的朝圣者。它沉没的原因被认为是一场火灾，从飞船的引擎室开始。>>全球十大灾难。
9. HMS Victory
On the night of 4th October, 1744, HMS Victory, a first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, was caught in a storm in the English Channel when it was returning to England. It ultimately resulted in the ship sinking with the death of everyone aboard, which was 1150 sailors.
8. Toya Maru
Japanese passenger ferry Toa Maru was caught between a typhoon in the Tsugaru Strait between the Japanese islands of Hokkaidō and Honshūon on September 26, 1954, which ultimately resulted in its sinking. Due to many people getting on the hip at the last minute and many cancelling their journey, the exact number of deaths is still unknown. However, it is thought that an estimated 1153 people died from the accident.
7. Salem Express
Passenger ship Salem Express sank after colliding with Hyndman Reef on 17th December, 1991 which resulted in the death of 1,400 people. Many of the passengers were returning were returning from pilgrimage to Mecca. The wreck of the ship, which is a now a scuba-diving site, still contains many luggage and cars.
1991年12月17日，一艘客船“塞勒姆”(Salem Express)与海德曼礁(Hyndman Reef)相撞后沉没，造成1400人死亡。许多乘客从朝圣之旅返回麦加。这艘船的残骸，现在是一个潜水地点，仍然包含许多行李和汽车。
6. RMS Titanic
Perhaps, the most well-known ship in the world is the British passenger liner RMS Titanic. Known as the largest ship afloat at the time it entered service and declared ‘unsinkable' by its makers, Titanic sank in the North Atlantic Ocean in the early morning of 15 April 1912 after colliding with an iceberg during her maiden voyage from Southampton, UK to New York City, USA. Many blame the less number of life-boats to be a prime reason for the high number of deaths, which was 1517. Its loss was the catalyst for major reforms in shipping safety.
5. Tek Sing
Three-masted Chinese ocean-going junk, Tek Sing met its terrible fate on February 6, 1822, when it sank in an area of the South China Sea known as the Belvidere Shoals. It sank when tries a shortcut through the Gaspar Strait between Belitung and Bangka Islands and grounded on a reef. It resulted in the death of 1600 people. Due to its great loss of number of lives, therefore this ship has been referred to as the “Titanic of the East”.
4. Le Joola
One of the biggest maritime disasters in recent times took place on 26th September, 2002 when Senegalese government-owned ferry Le Joola capsized off the coast of the Gambia. The ship was carrying way more than the number of passengers it was supposed to carry. Its carrying capacity was 536 passengers, but at the time of the accident, it was carrying 1,927 passengers, more than thrice the number of passengers it was supposed to carry. Consequently, due to over flooding of the people, the ship saw it getting capsized, which resulted in the death of 1,863 people.
3. Mont-Blanc (Halifax Explosion)
On 6th December, 1917, when cargo ship Mont-Blanc was going through Halifax Harbour in Nova Scotia, Canada, which was full cargo of highly volatile explosives, it collided with the Norwegian ship, SS Imo. The incident came to be known as Halifax Explosion. It resulted in the death of almost 2000 people. At the time of the accident, Mont-Blanc had a 40 person crew. There were around 2000 people in the nearby Halifax shore who were killed by the fire, collapsing buildings, falling debris, etc., resulting from the explosion. Over 9000 people were injured due to flying glass. It is still the largest accidental explosion of conventional weapons to date.
Chinese passenger steamship Kiangya sank in the mouth of the Huangpu River 50 miles (80 km) south of Shanghai on 4 December 1948. It led to the death of 2,750–3,920 people. There were only 700–1,000 survivors, who were picked up by other vessels. The reason for its sinking was an explosion that took place when the ship hit a mine left behind by the Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II.
1948年12月4日，在上海以南50英里(80公里)的黄浦江口，中国客船“Kiangya”号沉没。它导致2750 - 3920人死亡。只有700 - 1000名幸存者被其他船只带走。其沉没的原因是在第二次世界大战中，当这艘船撞上日本帝国海军留下的一座矿山时发生了爆炸。
1. Doña Paz
On 20th December, 1987, the world witnessed the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters, when Philippine-registered passenger ferry Doña Paz collided with the oil tanker MT Vector. Both the ships caught fire and ultimately sank in the shark infested waters of Tablas Strait, killing 4,386 people. Only 24 survivors were recorded in the incident. Out of the 13 man crew of MT Vector, only 2 people survived. Many claim that Doña Paz was illegally carrying over 4000 passengers, when the ship could support only 1518 passengers. Only 21 dead bodies were recovered. Time magazine have called the sinking of the Doña Paz “the deadliest peacetime maritime disaster of the 20th century”.
1987年12月20日，世界目睹了和平时期最严重的海上灾难，当时菲律宾注册的客运渡轮Dona Paz与油轮MT Vector相撞。这两艘船都着火了，最终沉入了Tablas海峡的鲨鱼出没的水域，造成4,386人死亡。只有24名幸存者被记录在案。在这13名机组人员中，只有2人幸存。许多人声称，当这艘船只能支持1518名乘客时，多纳·帕兹(Dona Paz)非法携带超过4000名乘客。只有21具尸体被找到。《时代》杂志称多纳·帕兹的沉没是“20世纪最严重的和平时期海上灾难”。